Raipur is located near the
centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of
India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown. The Mahanadi
River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern
side has dense forests. The Maikal
Hills rise on
the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends
north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.
Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate,
temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, except from March to June,
which can be extremely hot. The temperature in April–May sometimes rises above
48 °C (118 °F).These summer months also have dry and hot winds. In
summers, the temperature can also go up to 50 °C. The city receives about
1,300 millimetres (51 in) of rain, mostly in the monsoon season from
late June to early October. Winters last from November to January and are mild,
although lows can fall to 5 °C (41 °F).